Berkeley Lab
Bringing Science Solutions to the World

Carbon Negative Initiative

Negative emissions innovations for a cleaner, greener future

The science is clear: we must limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius to avoid the most dangerous impacts of climate change. It’s also becoming clear that halting emissions is not sufficient – we must remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, to the tune of 10 to 20 gigatons of CO2 per year by 2100.

Berkeley Lab scientists are pioneering research to accelerate the development of negative emissions technologies (NETs), which capture and remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere or other sources or enhance natural carbon sinks, such as soils. Berkeley Lab’s Carbon Negative Initiative will address the basic science required to scale these technologies and develop new life-cycle analyses for integrating NETs into future decarbonized energy and industrial systems.

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Our Expertise


Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS), carbon-to-products

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Earth Sciences

Terrestrial and geological sequestration, healthy soils for agriculture

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Machine Learning & Computing

Coupling experimental data, mathematical modeling, and machine learning for predictive characterization

Materials Discovery

Metal-organic frameworks for carbon capture, including direct air capture


Process engineering, life cycle analysis

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